Residence Permit Renewal: Make sure you spend at least 6 months in Spain!

November 22nd, 2018

One of the most common causes of rejection by the Spanish authorities when it comes to renewing a residence permit is directly related to the failure of the applicant to comply with the minimum stay requirements that Spanish law dictate.

A temporary residence permit application allows a person to stay in Spain for more than 185 days per year during a maximum period of 2 years. These temporary residence permits can be renewed once 2 year period has passed, but only if you spend at least 185 days in Spain within each year, which is the minimum stay requirement set by Spanish law for temporary residence permits.

Another important time limit to consider is the maximum period of time you can spend out of Spain when applying for permanent residence. As a temporary resident, you will be eligible to apply for a permanent residence card once you have been a legal resident in Spain on a continued basis for 5 years (provided that other financial requirements are met). During these 5 years, the sum of all the days you will have spent outside of Spain should not exceed a total of 10 months. When this is not met, we recommend our clients to apply for an extraordinary renewal of their residence permit (which is an additional two-year temporary residence permit extension), in an effort to accumulate enough days during this time to finally meet the permanent residence minimum stay requirement.

It should also be noted that once you are a permanent resident, an absence of 12 months or more will lead to the cancellation of the residence card validity.

We cannot but emphasize the importance of this minimum stay to keep your residency status or be able to apply for a new one. As a matter of fact, it is one of the main reasons for a rejection in immigration applications. Some time ago, Spanish immigration officers would have a more relaxed attitude towards the actual compliance of this requirement. However, this is no longer the case, and they will thoroughly examine all the entry and exit stamps on your passport.

Despite the above, the current Immigration regulations stipulate exceptional cases that would serve as a justification of a prolonged absence and that would not lead to a renewal rejection: Force majeure reasons, illness, natural catastrophes and accidents.

161 thoughts on “Residence Permit Renewal: Make sure you spend at least 6 months in Spain!

  1. Amandip Ponsiya

    Thanks for your quick answer but if I am not proof and I m still working in other job like in whole year 10 to 11 month so it is not problem to renew if the ask me why you leave the first job I can tell I’did not sing the Baja letter and I didn’t leave he makes Baja voultario he didn’t have sign on Baja latter

  2. Amir

    Hey Patricia,

    So my parents finished their first year and renewed their temporary residence visa and they were given extra 2 years now. My question is: How can I apply (26 years old) to join them? On the Solicitud de visado nacional I have an option to choose the same way my parents did which is ‘Visa with no work’. However, their is another option on the form to reunite with family. Can i choose this?

    Also, what documents can I show in order to show them that I am dependent on my parents even though I am 26 years old.

    Thank you.

  3. Patricia Martin Post author

    Hello Amir,

    If you are over 25 years old you cannot apply as a dependent on your parents unless your dependency is based on health issues, or any other urgent and exceptional circumstance.

    Plaase feel free to contact us if you wish to discuss your case in detail.

  4. Mohan


    I am on HQP, with residence permit issued from 30-Sep2016 and empadronamiento registered as on 11-Oct2016 and current renewed permit expiry as on 15-Aug2022. Now I got another job to join in May2021 out of spain in asian country. So if I resign here and go to join in other non-european country , can my family do continue here until end of 15-Aug2022? If Yes, are we eligible if I return in spain (after 5 months from May-2021 to Sep2021) in Oct2021 to apply for long-term residence permit for me and my family?

    Please suggest.

    Thank you!

  5. Vasanthal

    Am srilankan have residence permit in nederland
    I want to start company for Ayurveda hhospital in spain
    Can any one give advice

  6. Patricia Martin Post author


    Note you are in the obligation to notify the Unidad de Grandes Empresas about your change of situation. You have a month to do so, after the change has taken place. If you leave your current job in Spain, you have the obligation to notify them and then they will take a decision on whether you are still eligible for the residence permit you hold. your family´s situation will depend on yours and their permits could be cancelled, unless they meet other residence permit requirements and are able to apply for a modification, independently.

    In the event you keep the job in Spain and your residence rights remain, note that you can be out of Spain up to 6 months per year and if you have not exceeded 10 months out of Spain for the last 5 years you will be eligible for the long term residence permit.

    If your relatives have been observing the minimum residency rules and they also meet the long term residency card requirements, they will be able to apply for it. In your case, you will meet the requirements in September 2021.

  7. Patricia Martin Post author

    Hello Vasanthal,

    If you wish to start a business in Spain I recommend you to consider the Self Employed work and residence permit application. A business plan and proof of investment is required among other specific requirements related to the particular activity and the province where you are looking to settle.

    Please feel free to contact us by email if you need further information.

  8. Boocheek

    Hi Patricia,

    My work visa is valid from March 2020 – March 2022. I have been away in Spain from October 2020 and will return on May 2021 (7months). I’m currently in the UK and was planning to return since January but due to lockdown, the latest date that I can return to Spain is in May.

    Do you think this will be an issue with Spanish Authorities once I try to renew my work visa again on March 2022? What are the implications?

    And will I still be able to enter Spain by May 2021 given that I was away for a long time?

  9. Patricia Martin Post author

    Hello Boocheek,

    You won´t have any problems to return in May.

    When filing your renewal application in 2022, be sure you have documented evidence to prove your impossibility to return to Spain between October 2020 and May 2021, so they do not reject your renewal for exceeding the 6 months rule.

  10. Eileen Fitzpatrick

    I would like some advice about a temporary residence visa. We have a flat in Spain since 2004 and would like to stay there for 6 months of the year and the rest of the time in Scotland. Would we have to move our tax base. We are retired, first of all can we apply for temporary residence visa?

  11. Patricia Martin Post author


    Note that as long as you visit Spain for no more than 90 days every 180 days, and for a maximum of 180 days per year, you are not in the obligation to register as residents in Spain. If your intention is to stay longer than that, I recommend you to apply for a temporary residence permit. This is an option you certainly have and the application is filed at the closest Spanish consulate .

    If you exceed 183 days per year in Spain, you will become a fiscal resident as well.

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